What is a Hostile Work Environment?

Employees should feel safe in the workplace. This ensures that they are in top condition to be productive. It can be said that both employers and employees should make the effort in making the workplace as safe as possible.

But workplace safety is not just always about accidents and injuries. Sometimes, it is about hostile work environments and negative emotional and psychological effects.

But what is a hostile work environment? A workplace can be considered to have a hostile environment if an employee is exposed to discrimination or harassment. It doesn’t matter whether he is the direct recipient, a participant, or just a random person in the workplace. As long as there is discrimination or harassment, the workplace can be considered hostile.

Discrimination

An employee is discriminated against if his natal features and preferences have put him in an unnecessary disadvantage. The natal features that are commonly discriminated are age, color, ethnic background, race, and sex. The preferences that are commonly discriminated are gender and religion.

Usually, the discrimination manifests in hiring processes, disciplinary actions, promotion opportunities, and terminations. For example, if an applicant has been rejected just because of his age, if an employee has received biased disciplinary measures just because of his color, if an employee has not been promoted just because of his religion, and if an employee has been terminated just because of his gender preference, it can be argued that he has experienced discrimination.

Harassment

Harassment occurs when an employee is experiencing aggressive pressure or intimidation in the workplace. The causal factors of harassment are almost the same as the factors in discrimination. The difference is that harassment is usually an act or a continuous act that can physically, emotionally, or psychologically harm the employee.

For example, if an employee has been mocked because of his features such as his age or disability, has received unwanted sexual advances, or has experienced harm or threat of harm from others in the workplace, he may be said to experience harassment.

What to Do

According to the website www.leichteremploymentlaw.com, employees who have experienced discrimination or harassment in the workplace may take their cases to court.

But to avoid getting too legal about it and experiencing the hassles of attorneys and courts, it is better to avoid these practices. Employers and employees should be responsible for workplace safety, by implementing strict rules against discrimination and harassment and just being generally nice to each other to create an environment that is both friendly and productive.

Some of the Damages that may Potentially be Recovered if You are Injured by Someone Else

Even before the 1900s, there were already accidents that involved automobiles. Some of these accidents caused damage to vehicles, some resulted to driver and passenger injuries, while a few others resulted to the horrible death of some individuals (drivers or bystanders).

In 1925, state authorities saw that cars are bound to crash, cause damage to properties and injuries on people. It was for this reason why car liability insurance became a mandate – so that at-fault drivers will not default on paying victims the compensation they legally deserved.

Majority of car accidents are mere results of human negligence or recklessness (a very small percentage of the more than five million accidents every year is blamed on acts of nature, such as an earthquake, a tornado, or an emergency medical condition).

Though car crashes are totally preventable, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is alarmed that more than 30,000 still die every year because of these. And while traffic authorities have increased their vigilance against drivers who overspeed, who drive recklessly or who drive while impaired by alcohol, another kind of threat is on the road and most of those who commit it are teens and young adults – driving distractions.

Distracted driving happens when a driver engages in an activity that takes his/her focus from the task of driving. This distracting activity may be an act committed by the driver himself/herself or by someone else inside the car with the driver; sometimes, though, it is caused by someone or something outside the car. Due to distractions, it is, therefore, easy for drivers to fail to anticipate and react to possible road hazards.

Currently, the use of cell phone while driving is the worst and most dangerous kind of distraction for drivers. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), every year thousands of car crashes, which injure 1,153 individuals and kill at least 9 others, occur due to the use of cell phone, whether texting or talking with someone. The use of cell phone, however, is not the only form of distraction drivers can be engaged in. There are so many others which have become so normal that drivers no longer realize these as distractions; their effects, however, are often tragic.

Some of the most common forms of driving distractions, which so many drivers are guilty of, include: eating and drinking; adjusting a GPS device, compact disc player or car radio; using a laptop; reading a map for directions: talking or arguing with a car passenger (the more passengers there are in a car, the greater the distraction); reaching for an object (especially from the back seat); playing with or being distracted by a child; getting distracted by a pet or an insect; grooming; lighting a cigarette; smoking; and getting lost in thought.

As pointed out by Providence car crash attorneys, if “you’ve been seriously injured or have lost a family member in a motor vehicle accident that was caused by someone else, you are entitled to make a claim for compensation for your injuries against the person who caused the accident.
Some of the damages that may potentially be recovered include, but are not limited to:

  • Medical Expenses
  • Lost earnings and earning potential
  • Expenses for household services you can no longer perform
  • Cost of transportation and childcare for medical appointments
  • Cost of assistive devices
  • Pain and suffering
  • Disability
  • Mental anguish
  • Psychological disturbance
  • Loss of affection, companionship, or marital consortium
  • Diminished quality of life
  • Funeral expenses (in wrongful death cases)”

Robotic Surgery: Is This procedure Really Safe?

After complaining to her gynecologist of excruciating pains and excessive vaginal bleeding, Michelle’s doctor found growths in her uterus. To have these removed, her gynecologist told her that the best way was through robotic surgery (using the da Vinci surgical robot): the latest and the greatest technique available. Besides maximum precision, robotic surgery would be less painful and there would also be less bleeding.

The da Vinci surgical robot is made by Intuitive Surgical, Inc., an American company which is the top manufacturer of robotic surgical equipment; it is also the only company whose system has been approved in the U.S. for soft tissue procedures that include gynecological surgery, prostate operations and general surgery.

The many claimed benefits when using the da Vinci robot, Intuitive’s claim that it is extremely safe, and the way hospitals market the device in order to gain more customers, have successfully contributed to the increase of surgical procedures with the robots, from 228,000 in 2010 to 367,000 in 2012.

With the growth of the popularity of robotic surgery, however, is an increase in the number of adverse incident reports received by the Food and Drug Administration. From 24 injury reports in 2009, this number jumped to 115 in 2012; the number of deaths likewise increased, from 11 in 2009 to 30 in 2012 (these numbers, though, may not be the real figures, according to one surgeon at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, since some hospitals make sure that complaints do not reach the public).

In surgeries wherein a da Vinci robot is used, the physician in charge of the procedure sits at a video-game style console that is several feet away from his/her patient. While peering into a high-definition display, foot pedals and hand controls allow him/her to maneuver the robot’s mechanical arms equipped with tools. A 3-D camera, which shows the work as it is done inside a patient, guides him/her in performing the procedure.

Continuing the story above, Michelle did undergo a non-invasive hysterectomy in February of 2009. The surgery went smoothly and seemed perfect until five weeks later, while she sat on the toilet, she felt something pop inside her and was shocked to see her intestines drooping out of her vagina. She was rushed to the hospital and underwent a painful, invasive surgery.

Today, other than her hip-to-hip scar from the corrective surgery, a diminished sex life, and constipation from damaged rectal muscles, Michelle is holding on to whatever she can to continue living. It appears that what happened to Michelle has also happened to others, as shown in a number of lawsuits (besides the one she filed).

Two of the many other cases filed against Intuitive Surgical involve a man who suffered 15 long hours of internal bleeding after his liver and spleen were punctured during a heart valve repair and a man whose rectum was damaged during a prostate surgery.

In the midst of lawsuits, the hot seat has always been occupied by Intuitive Surgical, Inc., never by the surgeon who performed the surgery. This leads to the premise that the robotic surgical system is defective, never in the possibility that the surgeon, who performed the procedure, lacks proper training, skill and experience in operating the equipment.

The law firm Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg, LLC, believes that though patients must willingly assume a certain amount of risk before undergoing a surgical procedure, this does not exempt a surgeon or a manufacturing company, whose device has been used in the procedure performed, from liability if ever something not right happens. While some forms of malpractice or negligence may be easy to identify, others require deeper investigation and expert opinion to prove liability. Pursuing legal action and entrusting this only to a seasoned medical malpractice attorney would be a decision a wise person would make.

Motorcycle Safety Tips To Ensure A Safe Ride

Motorcycles provide drivers with a quick way to maneuver around traffic and reach their destination in the soonest possible time. But given their small size, motorcycles are susceptible to accidents and injuries. According to the website of Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg, motorcycle accidents can be fatal which could have life changing consequences that may require prolonged recovery and costly treatment. Here are 5 safety tips you need to bear in mind when riding a motorcycle.

1. Defensive Driving

Defensive driving does not mean you have to drive slowly but have to take the necessary precaution all the time. It means staying focused on the road, being aware of your surroundings and reacting fast to road situations. Defensive driving also means avoiding distractions such as mobile phones and other devices.

2. Practice Road Courtesy

Courtesy on the road means being mindful of the other drivers. As much as possible, avoid following the other driver too closely. The general rule when it comes to the distance is at least one car-length. It is a wise move to put a buffer between yourself and the other driver. Road courtesy also means allowing other drivers to merge into traffic by giving the proper distance to do so.

3. Avoid buying a bike that you cannot handle

If you have not been riding a motorcycle for a while and shopping for one, look for a bike that fits you. You should be able to rest both of your feet flat on the ground without the need to tiptoes. The handlebars and controls should be within your reach.

4. Ensure that your bike is well-maintained and regularly checked

Before heading off to your destination, make sure that your bike is well-maintained and checked and that all accessories and systems are working properly. While you cannot predict when your vehicle will fail or breakdown, maintenance of your motorcycle is key to avoid such.

5. Wear helmets and safety gears

This is perhaps the best advice for motorcycle safety. Riders without helmets are 40 percent at risk of suffering fatal injuries and three times more likely to experience brain injuries than those with helmets.

Then and Now, People Saw that Cars are Bound to Crash . . . due to Negligence

The average yearly rate of fatal car crashes in the US from 1981 to 2007 was 44,000, while from 2008 to 2015, records from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) showed a lower figure – 33,000.

In implementing road safety rules, the NHTSA and other governmental organizations, as well as some car manufacturers, work doubly hard, both in ensuring the smooth and safe flow of traffic and in making vehicles more crashworthy. The government does this through the passing of road safety laws, and consistent and strict enforcement of these laws; car manufacturers, on the other hand, equip their new car models with the most modern safety devices.

Sadly, however, car accidents continue to occur regardless of the laws passed, the strict enforcement of these laws and the safety devices many cars are now equipped with. This comes as no surprise, though, because ever since the dawn of automobiles, people saw that these machineries would crash and that crashes will damage properties and injure people.

The main problem that automobile crashes created back then was not the at-fault or negligent driver’s damaged car or sustained injuries, but the damaged property and/or injuries suffered by the victim in the accident, for which the at fault driver did not have the financial capability to compensate. Thus, in order to ensure that victims in accidents are paid the compensation that they may be legally deemed to receive, the compulsory car insurance law was passed: the year this law was passed was 1925 and the first two states that were able to write their own compulsory car insurance law and mandate it on all their drivers were Connecticut and Massachusetts.

Today, showing proof of financial capacity to pay for damages in the event of an at-fault accident is mandated in all 50 states. This requirement to demonstrate financial capability is called the Financial Responsibility law and compliance to this law may be shown by:

  • carrying auto liability insurance, which is mandated in 48 states;
  • posting a bond or depositing cash with the state, which is the case in New Hampshire, the only state that does not mandate the carrying of auto insurance;
  • paying the uninsured motor vehicle fee to the state’s Department of Motor Vehicle (DMV) in lieu of insurance, as is the practice in the state of Virginia.

An insurance policy itself is already expensive and it is made even more expensive by the many other add-ons that drivers need to purchase. Drivers can make use of free insurance quotes to be able to find the kind of deal that will work best for them.

What Can A Lawyer Do for Me: Personal Injury Edition

When faced in an accident, a lot of people tend to just throw the towel in early. Raise their hands up in surrender and just say that there’s nothing to be done, move on and live with it. This is one of the most defeatist ages known – which can be a little ironic, given that information has never been more widely spread and available regarding personal rights.

So, really, think about it: what can a personal injury lawyer do for you?

It isn’t like the situation can be changed at all, right? If you were injured, isn’t a sorry and a slap at the back of the hand enough? Well, believe it or not, some personal injury cases are incredibly traumatic in more than one sense of the word. According to the website of Clawson & Staubes, people who slip and fall on poorly constructed privately owned surfaces can suffer from spinal cord injury or traumatic brain injury if the fall was bad enough. People who get into car accidents can sometimes die and their families are left in a uniquely desperate situation that both grieves and stresses out over the loss.

There are many ways that a personal injury can affect more than just the person who was injured – and some injuries cannot be truly recovered from.

A personal injury lawyer comes in through the legal process that is necessary when pursuing legal action against the party that caused the injury in the first place. Suffering from a personal injury that requires this kind of action is usually so traumatic and stressful in nature due to the factors that come with it. There are the long-term consequences such as the recovery period necessary as well as the loss wages, medical costs, and other expenses necessary.

An experienced personal lawyer can not only assist you with the legal process but also connect you to a pool of professionals who can be of further help to you with other factors that are not necessarily in the legal field.

Nursing Home Abuse: Is Your Loved One in Danger?

Nursing homes play a vital role in any given community in the United States. Without these facilities, plenty of individuals will not be able to receive the care and attention they need. After all, it’s not often when families are able to provide proper attention to their elderly loved ones due to financial constraints and other burdens. For majority of Americans, these nursing homes are integral to ensuring that their loved ones will remain comfortable as they receive the medical attention they need.

As a result, it is simply devastating to imagine that abuse can happen in these institutions. However, as data from the Department of Health and Human Services point out, instances of abuse happen more often than most people like to acknowledge. Apparently, over 2 million elders have been victims of abuse, mostly in the form of physical mistreatment, violence, and emotional and psychological exploitation. It is unfortunate that plenty of these cases occurred in institutions and facilities that have built their reputation through fostering a false sense of care and trust.

The biggest tragedy to nursing home abuse is the fact that it can be extremely difficult to notice. Without paying close attention, signs of nursing home abuse can be easy to overlook or write off. This is especially true considering that most families are unable to visit their elderly loved ones on a regular basis. As such, it’s important to pay close attention to subtle changes that might be a cause for concern. According to the website of the Abel Law Firm, family members can take note of the following red flags that might indicate nursing home abuse.

The most telltale sign is a loved one with unexplained injuries like the sudden appearance of bruises and cuts. Other notable signs include unnecessary restraints and overmedication. According to the website of the Chris Mayo Law Firm, families should also pay close attention to any deterioration in their loved one’s health, especially if these health issues can’t be explained by their pre-existing conditions. It’s also important to be sensitive to changes in personality. Usually, victims of abuse suffer from sudden aggression, regressive behavior, and social withdrawal due to their trauma.

If you your loved one is suffering due to nursing home abuse, it’s important to take immediate action against the parties responsible for their trauma.

Important Information about Cerebral Palsy

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC notes that cerebral palsy is the most widespread motor disability among children in America. According to their data, around 1 in every 323 children has been diagnosed with some form of cerebral palsy. These children are known to experience a host of symptoms that significantly affect their movement, coordination, and balance.

Cerebral palsy, also referred to as ‘CP’ for short, is caused by some abnormality in the development of the brain due to damage or trauma. CP is usually acquired by patients early on in life, mostly caused by some incident that prevented oxygen from properly circulating in the brain. There are also cases when cerebral palsy is congenital. These cases refer to patients that have been born with cerebral palsy. In these scenarios, the damage to the brain is often caused by complications in the mother’s pregnancy.

The medical community categorizes cerebral palsy into three different types. These categories are organized based on symptoms manifested by a patient. However, in some patients, CP can manifest itself through a combination of the different types. The first type is called spastic cerebral palsy, which is characterized by increased muscle tone resulting in muscle stiffness. The second type of cerebral palsy is known as dyskinetic or anthethoid. A patient diagnosed with this type of CP experience uncontrollable writhing movements in their upper and lower extremities, as well as the inability to properly control their tongues and faces. The third and last type is called axiatic, and it is known to cause problems with a patient’s ability to maintain their posture and balance.

The Driscoll Firm, P.C. also points out that there are times when brain damage causing cerebral palsy results from physician negligence or medical malpractice. Although such cases are considered pretty rare, it’s still important to note that cerebral palsy can also be caused by accidents that are completely avoidable and preventable.

Identity Theft in Texas: Penalties for Anti-Fraud Laws

People don’t think of white collar crimes like identity theft and tax fraud as serious offenses. As pointed out by the website of Ian Inglis Attorney at Law, people are more likely to associate serious crimes with violent and dangerous actions. However, these crimes are also met with harsh punishment and penalties that could cause some permanent impact on an individual’s life. As such, it’s important to remember that getting charged with white collar crimes should not be taken lightly. Identity theft, in particular, can be subject to significant consequences.

Identity theft refers to the crime of acquiring another person’s information and passing it off as one’s own to make illegal transactions for economic gain. In Texas, offenses of this nature is regulated and penalized through a variety of anti-fraud laws delineated in the Texas Penal Code and the Identity Theft Enforcement and Protection Act. These laws cover offenses involving the many different ways that an individual can illegally obtain and use someone else’s personal data. The penalties for identity theft will depend based on the particular details of a given case and the charges that apply for the situation. For example, Texas law indicates that the unauthorized acquisition or transferring of financial information is punishable with up to a year in jail. On top of that, an individual who committed identity theft can also face paying a maximum of $10,000 in fines due to a criminal charge for fraudulent use or possession of another person’s identifying information. All in all, identity theft in Texas could result in having to pay a significant amount in fines, and facing a period of incarceration or probation.

While it might not seem as serious compared to violent crimes, identity theft and other white collar crimes should never be taken lightly. Getting charged with these criminal offenses can result in personal and professional obstacles that may be difficult to overcome. For more information contact a criminal defense lawyer.

The Advantages of Working with SEO Content Writers

It’s extremely crucial for businesses to have a strong online presence. After all, the internet is a very important space that businesses can utilize to advertise their work and reach out to potential clients. When building a website, it’s important to provide content that is sure to attract and engage with visitors. It’s also equally essential that this content is accessible and easy to find. This is where SEO writing comes in.

According to the website of the content writers at Kinetic Word, SEO refers to search engine optimization, which is the process where a website or web page is made more accessible and visible through search engine results. There are many ways to reach this objective. One foolproof method is by making sure that the content in your website is strategically written. Even the most engaging copy won’t be enough to attract visitors unless it has the right key phrases and words seamlessly integrated within the content. While you have the option to learn SEO techniques on your own, seeking out the services of a qualified SEO content writer is still the best solution.

For one, working with an experienced SEO content writer can help make the process of building your site and making it accessible a whole lot easier. You don’t have to divide your time and resources in order to accomplish the tasks you need for your website. The advantage of hiring an SEO content writer is in the fact that optimization isn’t always as simple as it sounds. Instead of trying to master SEO techniques and writing content on your own, working with an SEO content writer can allow you to focus on more important tasks instead.

It takes a person with sufficient experience to know what type of writing works best for the internet and its audience. A good SEO content specialist is able to carefully construct the most viable keywords and integrate them perfectly all throughout the pages in your website. They can also offer other services to help keep your website engaging, like writing blogs and making white papers. You can learn more about optimizing your business website by consulting with qualified specialists such as the .

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